Timeline

Timeline

1960 - 1961 - 1962 - 1963 - 1964 - 1965 - 1966 - 1967 - 1968 - 1969


February 1, 1960: Ezell Blair Jr. (Jibreel Khazan), David Richmond, Joseph McNeil, and Franklin McCain launch the Greensboro sit-ins.

February 6, 1960: Hundreds of students, including the A&T football team, descend on the downtown area. This day becomes known as “Black Saturday.”

April 1960: The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, an organization promoting peaceful means of protesting racial inequality, forms in Raleigh.

April 3, 1960: Thurgood Marshall, national counsel for the NAACP, speaks at Bennett College, warning against accepting "token integration".

April 15-17, 1960: The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) is formed in Raleigh by a group of Shaw University students.

June 1960: The Charlotte Motor Speedway is built.

July 25, 1960: The first black eats a meal, sitting down, at Woolworth's in Greensboro. After one week, 300 blacks have been customers.

July 26, 1960: Woolworth's is desegregated.

October 3, 1960: Andy Griffith show begins its run.

December 1960: The VietCong is formed in Vietnam.

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1961: John Anthony Volpe, Italian-American, was elected Governor of Massachusets and was re-elected in 1965.

1961: Dominick La Rocca, Italian-American, dies and is credited with being the first to transform a marginal, mostly Black music of Jazz, known only to a few thousand people in the New Orleans area, into a popular national art form accesible to everybody.

January 24: A B-52 bomber from Seymour Johnson Air Force Base crashes near Goldsboro while carrying two nuclear warheads.

May 4, 1961: Integrated groups of protesters join Freedom Rides on buses across the South to protest segregation.

October 1961: The Battleship North Carolina is moved to its present dock in Wilmington.

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1962: Daniel K. Inouye becomes U.S. senator and Spark Matsunaga becomes U.S. congressman from Hawaii.

March 9, 1962: Susie Sharp becomes first woman to serve on the North Carolina Supreme Court.

October 1962: The United States and the Soviet Union near global nuclear war after atomic warheads are placed in Communist Cuba. The Soviet Union finally agrees to remove the missiles, ending the immediate threat.

October 2, 1962: The US Air Force uses Agent Orange to track VietCong trails during the Vietnam War.

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February 6, 1963: The General Assembly convenes for the first session in its new Legislative Building.

July 1963: Governor Terry Sanford creates the North Carolina Fund, seeking to alleviate poverty through education of the poor.

June 1963: The North Carolina General Assembly passes the "Act to Regulate Visiting Speakers," or the Speaker Ban law, an effort to prevent communists from appearing on state-owned college and university property. Repealed in 1968.

1963: The North Carolina School of the Arts is founded.

May 1963: The General Assembly enacts G.S. 115A, which provides for the establishment of a Department of Community Colleges under the State Board of Education

August 28, 1963: The march on Washington is the largest civil rights demonstration to date. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivers the speech, “I Have a Dream.”

November 1963: President John F. Kennedy is assassinated.

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January 23, 1964: 24 th Amendment outlaws poll taxes for national elections.

1964: Dr. King is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

1964: Patsy Takemoto Mink becomes first Asian American woman to serve in Congress as representative from Hawaii.

1964: Yogi Berra becomes the first Italian-American manager to lead a team to aleague championship as the New York Yankees win the pennant

1964: Italian-American Ralph J. Menconi, sculptor, designed the Joh F. Kennedy Memorial Medal and the President Lyndn B. Johnson Medal

1964: Brian Piccolo led the nation in rushing as a senior at Wake Forest collecting 1,044 yards. He was drafted by the Chicago Bears, gaining 927 yards and catching 58 passes before his life was cut short by cancer in 1970 when he was 27 years old. A movie, "Brian's Song" was made about his life, as Sonny Corleone or James Kahn played his role.

1964: The Congress of Italian American Organizations (CIAO), based in New York, was founded by Brooklyn born Mary Sansone. CIAO works to unite the Italian-American community through various civic activities.

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February 21, 1965: Malcolm X is assassinated.

April 15, 1965: The Haliwa receive state recognition as an Indian tribe.

August 6, 1965: The Voting Rights Bill becomes law, nullifying local laws and practices that prevent minorities from voting.
Malcolm X is assassinated.

April 15, 1965: The Haliwa receive state recognition as an Indian tribe.

August 6, 1965: The Voting Rights Bill becomes law, nullifying local laws and practices that prevent minorities from voting.

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1966: USA Medicare Act passed to provide financial support for citizens of 65 and older otherwise unable to meet their medical needs.

1966: The National Organization for Women (NOW) is founded by a group of feminists including Betty Friedan. The largest women's rights group in the U.S., NOW seeks to end sexual discrimination, especially in the workplace, by means of legislative lobbying, litigation, and public demonstrations.

1966: In China, the Cultural Revolution.

1966: Star Trek lands on TV.

1966: LexisNexis founded as the Data Corporation.

1966: Old Metropolitan Opera House closes; opera moves to Lincoln Center.

1966: Bernard Malamud's novel, The Fixer, of a poor man influenced by Spinoza.

1966: Hollywood adopts an age-based rating system: G, PG, R, X.

1966: Truman Capote's In Cold Blood uses narrative style for non-fiction.

1966: William Buckley hosts The Firing Line, erudite, conservative discussion on TV.

1966: Linotron can produce 1,000 alphanumeric characters per second for printing.

1966: Charles Kao's waveguide light theory will lead to communication channels.

1966: FCC blocks cable television wiring in large cities.

1966: The Amateur Computer Society organizes personal computing.

1966: Neorealistic style gives The Battle of Algiers a documentary look.

1966: Nobel Prize in Literature shared by Jewish writers Nelly Sachs, Shmuel Agnon.

1966: Marc Chagall's murals are installed at the new New York Met.

1966: Oscars: A Man for All Seasons, Paul Scofield, Elizabeth Taylor.

1966: Also at the movies: Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Alfie, Hawaii, Blow-Up.

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June 1967: Israel is victorious over Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq in "Six Day War"

June 13, 1967: Thurgood Marshall is appointed an associate justice of the Supreme Court; the first black so designated.

1967: Jim Delligatti invented the "Big Mac" for McDonalds in one of his three McDonald chains in Pittsburgh.

1967: American Italian Historical Association founded with the purpose of encouraging Italian-American studies and to collect and preserve materials that represent the Italian-American experience in the United States and Canada. (sp)

1967: Peter W. Rodino, a U.S. Congressman from New Jersey, was successful in making Columbus Day a recognized national holiday.

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1968: Students strike at San Francisco State University to demand establishment of ethnic studies programs.

January 1968: Vietnam launches the Tet Offensive, the aftermath of which changes U.S. citizens’ opinions of the war and sealed President Johnson’s decision not to run for reelection.

March 1968: Margaret Taylor Harper runs for lieutenant governor. She is the first woman to run for statewide office in North Carolina.

April 11, 1968: President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act, outlawing discrimination in the sale or rental of housing.

April 4, 1968: Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated.

November 1968: Henry E. Frye is elected to the General Assembly. He is the first African American elected to the state house of representatives in the twentieth century.

November 14, 1968: The North Carolina Zoo Society, a non-profit, tax-exempt organization, was incorporated to raise funds for the Zoo.

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1969: Durham resident Warren Wheeler founds Wheeler Airlines, the only African American–owned airline in the state. Wheeler Airlines is based at the Raleigh-Durham Airport.

1969: Sesame Street broadcasts its first episode on PBS.

May 6, 1969: Howard Lee is elected mayor of Chapel Hill, NC, the first black to hold the position in a predominantly white city.

August 15, 1969: The music at Woodstock begins.

October 29, 1969: U.S. Supreme Court rules that school districts must end racial segregation at once.

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