Bibliography of Holocaust Materials

KEY: MS: suitable for grades 6-8, HS: suitable for grades 9-12
TR: recommended for teacher reference


Altshuler, David A. Hitler’s War Against the Jews: The Holocaust. New York: Behrman House, 1996. Adapted for young readers from The War Against the Jews, 1933-1945 and A Holocaust Reader by Lucy S. Davidowicz. Includes 100 photographs and original source readings. MS and HS

Anger, Per. With Raoul Wallenberg in Budapest.Washington, DC: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 1996. Biography of Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg who saved thousands of Hungarian Jews. He stopped deportation trains and death marches to hand over Swedish passes to the deportees. Includes story of his mysterious disappearance in the Soviet Union. MS and Up

Bachrach, Susan D. Tell Them We Remember: The Story of the Holocaust. Boston: Little, Brown, 1994. Short, easy-to-read, and engaging, this book, written under the auspices of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, provides a detailed and comprehensive history of the Holocaust. It addresses such topics as Jewish life in Europe before the Holocaust, anti-Semitism, Hitler’s rise to power, Jewish partisans, and the fate of the survivors.   MS and HS

Berenbaum, Michael. The World Must Know. Boston: Little, Brown, 1993. A thought-provoking, highly readable and extremely engaging history of the Holocaust by the former director of research at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The book draws heavily on the museum’s extensive collection of photographs, documents, and artifacts.   HS and TR

Block, Gay and Malk Drucker. Rescuers: Portraits of Moral Courage in the Holocaust. New York: Holmes and Meier, 1992. First-person accounts by forty-nine rescuers from ten different countries describing how they hid Jews in cellars and behind false walls, shared their meager food rations, and raised Jewish children as their own. The rescuers explain why they acted as they did. MS and HS

Browning, Christopher. Ordinary Men: Reserve Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland. New York: Harperperennial Library, 1993. Analysis of how a typical unit of German police actually operated during the Holocaust. For fifteen months, Reserve Police Battalion 101, a unit of just over 450 men from Hamburg, Germany, was responsible in Poland for the mass murder of tens of thousands of Jews. Browning analyzes the character of the men who participated, basing his analysis on the judicial interrogation in the 1960s of 210 men from the battalion. His conclusions are chilling. Advanced HS

Chaikin, Miriam. A Nightmare in History: The Holocaust, 1933-1945. New York: Clarion Books, 1992.   History of life in Nazi Germany which also traces the growth of anti-Semitism   in Europe and describes the Warsaw Ghetto uprising of 1942. Includes excerpts from diaries and eyewitness accounts.   MS

Drucker, Malka and Michael Halperin. Jacob’s Rescue. New York: Bantam, Doubleday, Dell, 1993. The uplifting and true story of how the Rosland family in Warsaw, Poland saved the life of a young Jewish boy, Jacob Gutgeld. Especially good for sixth grade.   MS

Friendlander, Saul. When Memory Comes. New York: Noonday Press, 1991. In 1939, when he was seven years old, the author fled Czechoslovakia with his family. Before they were taken to the death camps, his parents left him in a Catholic seminary in France where he was trained for the priesthood. After the war ended, he rediscovered his true identity. HS and TR

Friedman, Ina R. Escape or Die: True Stories of Young People Who Survived the Holocaust. New York: Yellow Moon Press, 1991. Contains twelve accounts by Holocaust survivors of their experiences during that era. Although there are moments of compassion in these narratives, they are, for the most part, stark and unsparing portraits of a world gone mad . MS and Up

Flying Against the Wind. New York: Anchor, 1995. The biography of Cato Bjontes van Beek, a young girl who was one for the few non-Jewish Germans to oppose the Nazis. Drawn from diaries, letters, and personal accounts, this book offers an inspiring portrait of resistance to Nazi rule. MS and Up

Gilbert, Martin. The Atlas of the Holocaust. New York: William Morrow, 1993. An illustrated reference which contains over 300 maps, 45 photographs, and an excellent narrative, all of which are used to depict events from 1932 to 1945. TR

Greenfeld, Howard. The Hidden Children. New York: Ticknor and Fields, 1993. An examination of the lives of twenty-five children hidden by strangers during the Holocaust. Among the stories are those of children who masked their identities with Christian names or took refuge in convents and orphanages. MS

Gutman, Israel. Resistance: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Shelburne, VT: Chapters Pub, 1998. A richly documented history of the Warsaw Ghetto by an author who is a death-camp survivor and the director of the research center at Yad Vashem, Israel’s national Holocaust memorial. Gutman uses diaries, underground papers, and other rare documents to describe   life in the Warsaw Ghetto. Advanced HS and TR

Ippisch, Hanneke. Sky: A True Story of Resistance during World War II. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996. The author describes her girlhood in the 1930s, the occupation of Holland, and her participation in the Dutch resistance. MS and HS

Langbein, Hermann. Against All Hope: Resistance in the Nazi Concentration Camps. New York: Paragon House, 1994. Written by a camp survivor, this well-researched study examines overt forms of rebellion and sabotage within the camps and attempts by inmates to get proof of genocide to the outside world. Advanced HS and TR.

Levine, Ellen. Darkness Over Denmark. New York: Holiday House, 2000. Danish resistance and the rescue of the Jews. MS and HS

Lindwer, Willy. The Last Seven Months of Anne Frank. New York: Anchor Books, 1992. The last seven months of Anne Frank’s life are described by six teenaged girls who went into the camps with Anne but survived. MS and HS

Meltzer, Milton. Never to Forget.New York: HarperCollins, 1991. Source book of readings on the Holocaust by a well-known writer of juvenile book. Traces the roots of anti-Semitism, Hitler's rise to power, and the workings of the Nazi death machine. MS and HS

__________. Rescue.New York: HarperCollins, 1991. The story of how non-Jews saved Jews during the Holocaust. Recounting of many individual acts of heroism. MS and HS

Nieuwsma, Milton. Kinderlager. New York: Holiday House, 1998. An oral history of three Holocaust survivors who as young children were kept in a special children’s section of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. MS and HS

Orlev, Uri. The Island on Bird Street. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984. The riveting action-paced fictional tale of how a young boy survives in a Polish ghetto after the residents have been deported. Based on the author’s own experiences in the Warsaw Ghetto. MS

Richter, Hans Peter. Friedrich. New York: Puffin, 1987. This award-winning modern classic of juvenile fiction tells the story of a young Jewish boy in Germany during the 1930s, detailing the destruction of his family.   MS.

Rudd van der Rol and Rian Verhoeven. Anne Frank: Beyond the Diary. New York: Puffin, 1995.   A photographic biography of Anne Frank compiled by the staff of the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam, illustrated with photographs from the House archives and from the private collections of Otto Frank and Miep Gies. More than 105 captioned photographs, documents, and illustrations. MS and Up

Rossel, Seymour. The Holocaust: The World and the Jews. New York: Behrman House, 1992. Examines universal human issues raised by the Holocaust such as resistance to evil, justice and injustice, and the moral responsibility of governments. Discusses the rise of anti-Semitism in Europe, the treatment of Jews during the Holocaust, and the trials of Nazi war criminals. References to other human rights violations. HS

Sereny, Gitta. Into That Darkness. New York: Random House, 1983. One of the few books on perpetrators. Based on interviews with Franz Stangl, commandant of Treblinka, the largest Nazi death camp. HS and TR

Stadtler, Bea. The Holocaust: A History of Courage and Resistance. New York: Berhman House, 1994. An easy-to-read history of the period in a simple, straightforward style. The book traces the rise of the Nazi party and Adolf Hitler. Includes thought-provoking questions for students at the end of each chapter. MS

Strom, Margot Stern, and William Parsons. Facing History and Ourselves: Holocaust and Human Behavior. Boston: Facing History and Ourselves, 1994. Comprehensive anthology and ideal book for dealing with genocide in the twentieth century. Extensive readings and activities for raising important issues. Each well-documented section contains teaching rationales and selected readings and activities. HS

Tec, Nechama. When Light Pierced the Darkness: Christian Rescue of Jews in Nazi-Occupied Poland. New York: Oxford UP, 1987. A well-researched investigation of the Polish Jews who passed as Christians to evade the Nazis and of the people who helped them by an author who was herself a survivor helped by the Poles. Advanced HS and TR

Volavkova, Hanna, editor. I Never Saw Another Butterfly. New York: Shocken Books, 1994. Drawings and poetry by children in the Terezin ( Theresiendstadt) concentration camp in Austria. All ages

Werner, Harold. Fighting Back. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992. The author recounts his experiences as a member of a large Jewish partisan unit conducting military missions against the German army in occupied Poland. HS

Wyman, David. The Abandonment of the Jews. New York: New Press, 1998. Examines the response of the United States to the Holocaust during World War II. Covers the role of President Roosevelt and Congress. Carefully researched and documented. Advanced HS and TR


America and the Holocaust: Deceit and Indifference. 90 minutes. WGBH Boston. The disturbing story of how American immigration policies during World War II prevented hundreds of thousands of Jews from finding refuge in the United States. Uses newsreel footage, interviews, official documents and statistics to look at the State Department’s policy for “calculated bureaucratic delay.”   HS

Bringing Nazi War Criminals to Justice . 30 minutes. Films for the Humanities.   A German by birth and a Nazi hunter by choice, Beate Flarsfeld has helped track down and punish Nazi war criminals including Klaus Barbie. MS and HS

Camera of My Family: Four Generations in Germany, 1845-1945. 18 minutes/discussion guide. Anti-Defamation League. Photographs describe the life of a middle class, German-Jewish family before and during the war. The photographer, born in Germany in 1938, explores the tragedy of her family through the use of old family photographs. MS and HS

Choosing One’s Way: Resistance in Auschwitz/Birkenau. 30 minutes. Ergo Media. Interviews with survivors of Auschwitz/Birkenau who describe the various forms their resistance took. Details the rebellion of the prisoners who died blowing up Crematorium #4. HS

The Courage to Care. 29 minutes. United Way. Stories of ordinary people who refused to give in to Nazi tyranny. Shows Christians who risked their lives to save Jews. Examines acts of exceptional courage. 1986 Academy Award nomination. MS and HS

The Double Crossing: The Voyage of the St. Louis. 29 minutes. Ergo Media. In interviews, archival footage, and photographs, passengers on the ship St. Louis relive the voyage to nowhere that raises issues of anti-Semitism, quota systems for refugees, and worldwide immigration policies. MS and HS

Into the Arms of Strangers: Stories of the Kindertransport. 117 minutes, by Academy Award-winning documentary filmmaker Mark Jonathan Harris. In interviews with Kindertransport survivors and with exceptional documentary footage, this film presents the rem arkable rescue operation that brought 10,000 European Jewish children to England and “into the arms of strangers.” MS and Up

The Longest Hatred. 150 minutes. WGBH Boston. Draws on images from art, vintage film clips, and a variety of voices to chronicle the history of anti-Semitism . Part 1 looks at the ancient roots of anti-Jewish prejudice through the Middle Ages and the Reformation and examines the modern resurgence of anti-Semitism   in Austria, Poland, and Russia today. Part 2 looks at anti-Semitism   in the Islamic world. Advanced HS

The Holocaust: A North Carolina Perspective. 32 minutes. North Carolina Council on the Holocaust. Documentary about Nazi oppression during World War II. The presentation looks at Hitler’s rise to power in 1993 through the Nuremburg War Trials in 1945. North Carolina survivors and liberators discuss their experiences. MS and HS. Available through the North Carolina Council on the Holocaust, Dept. of Public Instruction.

Not in Our Town: Heroes. 20 minutes. The Working Group. In 1993, when white supremacists threatened Jews, Native Americans, and African Americans with vandalism and violence, residents of Billings, Montana, refused to stand by idly. A human rights watch committee was formed and crowds turned out for hate rallies. MS

The Wave. 45 minutes. The Program Source. Dramatizes the effects of mass psychology through an actual experiment in a California high school. A teacher shows how otherwise decent citizens can be persuaded to support an authoritarian leader. HS

Zegota: A Time to Remember. 52 minutes. Documentaries International. Examines the Polish resistance organization Zegota. HS