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August 28-29, 1861 Hatteras Inlet Batteries / Fort Clark / Fort Hatteras
Maj. Gen Benjamin Butler (Union) led an amphibious expedition on August 26, 1861 from Fort Monroe to capture Hatteras Inlet from blockade-runners. Two days later, Union troops attacked the Confederate armies to try to reinforce the blockade, and Confederate Col. William F. Martin surrendered.
March 23-April 26, 1862 Fort Macon
Union armies invaded Fort Macon, a masonry fort that stood 35 miles southeast of New Bern. When Union forces began firing on the fort, they penetrated the masonry. As the fort was collapsing, Confederate commander Lt. Col. Moses J. White surrendered.
March 13-15, 1863 Fort Anderson / Deep Gully
Following orders from Lt. Gen. James Longstreet. Maj. Gen. D.H. Hill led a force of 12,000 Confederate soldiers to Fort Anderson to break through the Union hold on New Bern. However, when Union gunboats began arriving, Hill withdrew.
April 17-20, 1864 Plymouth
Confederates attacked the Union garrison at Plymouth, sinking the Smithfield and damaging or threatening other Union ships. Maj. Gen. R.F. Hoke's Confederate armies captured Fort Comfort and drove away the garrison.
December 7-27, 1864 Fort Fisher
In a battle that led to a Confederate victory, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler from the Union led an amphibious expedition to Fort Fisher. However, another Union force had already begun fighting by the time Butler arrived, and Confederate General Robert Hoke had just arrived with reinforcements. Butler and his army withdrew.
January 13-15, 1865 Fort Fisher
Until the last few months of the Civil War, Fort Fisher kept the port of Wilmington open to the blockade-runners that supplied the Confederate armies. When the fort fell after heavy naval bombardment in January 1865, its defeat helped seal the fate of the South.
March 16, 1865 Averasborough / Smiths Ferry / Black River
The Battle of Averasborough took place between Union general Henry Slocum and Confederate general William Hardee. After Judson Kirkpatrick called for infantry support against Hardee's army, General Slocum chased the front line of the Confederates back, but a second line of Confederates issued a counterattack, driving back the Union army. As the Union advanced again with reinforcements, they routed the second line of Confederates back but faced a third Confederate line. That night, as Slocum considered his next strategy, Hardee's troops retreated, giving General Johnston time to concentrate his forces.
March 19-21, 1865 Bentonville / Bentonsville
General Joseph Johnson wanted to launch an attack against Sherman before Sherman's forces had a chance to combine with Schofield's army. When Sherman arrived at Bentonville, Johnston stood his ground to try to boost his army's morale by launching an offensive and to evacuate his wounded. Maj. Gen. Joseph Mower attacked Johnston's army, which by this time were weak and outnumbered. Hardee's army counterattacked, forcing Mower's army to withdraw, and as Mower planned to attack again, Sherman ordered him to halt. Johnston and his army retreated from Bentonville, and shortly after this battle, Governor Vance decided to surrender North Carolina.