Plant of the Week: Season 4

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Plant of the Week: Season 4


Episode 401: Pineapple GuavaPineapple Guava

Common Name: Pineapple Guava

Scientific Name: Acca sellowiana (‘NCSU Hardy’)

Type:
Ornamental shrub/evergreen

Size:             
8-15ft.
        
Foliage:
Blue-ish foliage, underside of leaf is a silvery blue
                 
Flowers:
Cream colored petals with a brilliant red stamen; flowers mid-late May

Culture:        
Full sun, drought tolerant

Use:              
Shrub border, specimen plant

Other:           
Grows well in Central and Eastern North Carolina

Episode 402: Golden Shrimp PlantGolden Shrimp

Common Name: Golden Shrimp Plant

Scientific Name: Pachystachys lutea

Size:             
2-3 ft. in summer
        
Foliage:        
Dark green
                 
Flowers:       
Bright golden yellow bracts at the tip of each stem; creamy white flowers are within the yellow bracts, but do not reveal themselves until the bracts are fully developed.

Culture:        
Full sun to part shade; drought tolerant (add fertilizer every two weeks)
        
Use:              
Great for shrub beds

Other:           
Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds 

Episode 403: David PhloxDavid Phlox

Common Name: David Phlox

Scientific Name: Phlox paniculata ‘David’ Type: summer-flowering perennial

Size:
3-5ft. tall

Flowers:
Noted for its snow-white clusters of flowers; flowers mid to late summer through fall.

Culture:
Full sun; well-drained soil.

Other:
Resistant to powdery mildew;prune in spring to prevent flopping.

Use:
Summer borders; cuttings.

Episode 404: Oxalis Regnellii Oxalis

Common Name: Purple Leaf Oxalis

Scientific Name: Oxalis Regnellii

Type:              
herbaceous perennial

Flowers:           
light pink

Foliage:          
burgundy color, 3 leaflets, resembles clover

Culture:          
part shade to part sun (foliage tends to fade in full sun) well-drained soil

Other:             
groundcover divides well

Episode 405: Joe Pie WeedJoe Pie Weed

Common Name: Joe Pie Weed

Scientific Name: Eupatorium maculatum

Type:
Native herbaceous perennial

Size:                        
6-12ft. tall
(Cut back to 12 inches tall in June)           

Flowers:
Small pink clusters; flowers July-Sept.

Culture:
Full sun to part shade

Use:
Mixed border

Other:
Attracts butterflies and bees; drought tolerant

Episode 406: Hearts of GoldHearts of Gold

Common Name: ‘Hearts of Gold’ redbud

Scientific Name: Cercis canadensis - ‘Hearts of Gold’

The ‘Hearts of Gold’ cultivar was discovered in a NC home landscape by Jon Roethling.  Roethling is a former horticulture student at North Carolina State University.

Size:
12'-15' tall x 15'-20' wide in 5 years

Foliage:
This truly outstanding and unique form of our Eastern Redbud is distinguished by its striking, intense golden yellow spring foliage which gradually changes to chartreuse as the summer advances.

Heart-shaped leaves; young growth can assume subtle pink tones

Flowers:
Pale pink-lavender flowers in early Spring

Culture:
Partial to full sun

Episode 407: Northern Sea OatsNorthern Sea Oats

Common Name: Northern Sea Oats

Scientific Name: Chasmanthium latifolium

Type:
Perennial ornamental grass

Size:
12-24 inches tall 

Flowers:
Held in flat clusters called spikelet; Spikelets hang gracefully on thread-like pedicels in loose, open panicles on a stem that nods above the leaves; Leaves and flowerheads turn a rich tan in autumn and reddish-bronze by winter.  

Foliage:
Bright green leaves             

Culture:
Full sun to almost full shade 

Other:
Looks a little like a small version of sea oats, to which it is closely related; Drought-tolerant.                             

Use:
Mixed border; accent plant.       

Episode 408: Mexican SageMexican Sage

Common Name: Mexican Sage

Scientific Name: Salvia leucantha

Type:
Herbaceous perennial

Size:
4-5ft. tall and 4-5ft. wide

Flowers:
Lavender to deep purple; soft and velvety; flowers late Aug. through frost.

Foliage:
Leaves are lance shaped, like willow leaves, 1-5 in (2.5-12.7 cm) long, puckery on top and white-wooly underneath.

Culture:
Full sun; well-drained soil.

Other:
Can get large; cut back to about 6-8 inches in June.

Use:
Mixed border; perennial border.  

Episode 409: Cosmic Orange CosmosCosmic Orange Cosmos

Common Name: Cosmic Orange Cosmos

Scientific Name: Cosmos ‘Cosmic Orange’

Type:
Herbaceous perennial

Size:
6 ft. tall

Flowers:
Orange to yellowish-orange

Foliage:
Dissected and soft-textured

Culture:
Full sun, well-drained soil

Other:
Plant in Spring; attracts butterflies and moths.

Use:
Perennial border; mixed border; accent plant.

Episode 410: Yesterday, Today and TomorrowYesterday, Today and Tomorrow

Common Name: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

Scientific Name: Brunfelsia pauciflora

This plant is native to Brazil. It’s also the official city flower of the City of Curitiba, the capitol of Parana, Brazil.

Type:
Semi-evergreen shrub

Size:
4-8 ft. tall

Flowers:
Spring through summer; flowers as a dark purple then turn a lavender color and gradually fade to an off white (hence the name yesterday, today and tomorrow).

Foliage:
Dark green leaves

Culture:
Full sun to part shade

Use:
Can be grown in NC in a container during the summer
and as a houseplant.

Episode 411: Angel's TrumpetAngel's Trumpet

Common Name: Charles Grimaldi Angel's Trumpet

Scientific Name: Brugmansia 'Charles Grimaldi'

(This is a hybrid between: Dr. Seuss Angel’s Trumpet, Brugmansia Dr. Seuss and Pink Frost Angel’s Trumpet
Brugmansia 'Pink Frost').

Type:
Tender perennial (in central and eastern NC this plant
will overwinter)

Size:
12ft. tall by 12 ft. wide

Flowers:
Orange, bell-shaped;Start in mid summer but best in fall; fragrant.

Foliage:
Large green leaves

Culture:
Full sun

Other:
Fertilize every 2-3 weeks with a liquid fertilizer in the summer

Use:
Accent plant; specimen plant.

Episode 412: Golden RodGolden Rod

Common Name:
Golden Baby Golden Rod

Scientific Name:
Solidago ‘Golden Baby’

Common Name:
Golden Fleece Golden Rod

Scientific Name:
Solidago sphacelata ‘Golden Fleece’

Common Name: Fireworks Golden Rod

Scientific Name: Solidago rugosa ‘Fireworks’

These are great native plants for the home landscape.

Golden Rod is an excellent herbaceous perennial that often gets accused of causing hayfever. It is actually ragweed that is the cause and not golden rod. Golden Rod is a vigorous late summer to early fall flowering plant. Goldenrod grows well in full sun to very light shade in well-drained soil.

Golden Baby Golden Rod is a compact, clumping goldenrod that makes a 18" tall mound of foliage. It’s topped from August through October with large, celosia-like spikes of brilliant yellow.

Golden Fleece Golden Rod grows 20-25 inches tall and has yellow flowers with a clumping habit. The alternate leaves are colored medium green and have serrated margins. Flowering occurs in late summer, and the small bright yellow flowers, which are 1/12 to 1/8 in. wide, are borne in large panicles up to 10 in. long.

Fireworks Golden Rod has a slowly spreading rhizome from which the stalks emerge upward in late spring. This plant grows about 18-24 inches tall. In mid-August in NC, the clumps are showered with 18" long, arching spires of brilliant yellow flowers held well atop the foliage. The flowers resemble fireworks with its sensational display of vibrant golden flowers that seem to burst from the plant like skyrockets.

Episode 413: Red Lace Leaf Japanese MapleMaple

Common Name: Red Lace Leaf Japanese Maple

Scientific Name: Acer palmatum var. dissectum

This was one of JC Raulston’s favorites. His goal was to plant as many of them in the JC Raulston Arboretum as possible so that they could be seen in all parts of the garden.

Size:
10-12 ft. tall

Foliage:
Burgundy in spring; green in summer; orange in fall

Habit:
Mounded to weeping

Culture:
Full sun to part shade