Liquid Assets in North Carolina

Liquid Assets in North Carolina explores the many issues surrounding the maintainence of these water management systems. Alongside a panel of experts in rural development, public policy, construction, and public utilities administration, UNC-TV's senior producer of public affairs Eszter Vajda moderates this in-depth discussion of the many types of water infrastructure in place to manage North Carolina's storm, drinking, and waste water, the condition of those systems, and what concerned individuals and organizations are doing to ensure the maintenance and improvement of that infrastructure. This expert panel also examines economic and public health implications surrounding water conservation and funding.

Liquid Assets in North Carolina is produced by Deborah Holt Noel. Noel also produces UNC-TV's weekly public affairs series Black Issues Forum and is the host and contributing producer for North Carolina Weekend.


GallinaroNancy Gallinaro
Chief Operations Officer

Cape Fear Public Utility Authority
Nancy Gallinaro has 30 years of experience in the operation and maintenance of water and wastewater systems. Gallinaro began her career in Maine in 1979, working for Utilities and Consultants in Florida, Bahamas, Louisiana, Massachusetts, and now North Carolina. At the Cape Fear Public Utility Authority (CFPUA), a newly formed Authority of NH County and City of Wilmington, Gallinaro is responsible for all of water and sewer operations and maintenance. Prior to joining CFPUA in March 2008, she worked for the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA) for 13 years. In her last position with the MWRA, she was the Director of Wastewater O&M, responsible for the operation and maintenance of sewer collections and CSO treatment for Boston and 42 communities. Gallinaro holds the top operations license in Massachusetts and Florida and a bachelor of science in political science from Salem State College.

StikeDavid Stike
Vice President, Utility Division
Sanford Contractors
David Stike has 33 years of experience in the construction industry. Stike earned his BS in Civil Engineering from North Carolina State University in 1973. He is past Utility Division Chairman of the Carolinas Associated General Contractors--the largest construction trade association in the Carolinas--and on the Board of Directors for the ECU Construction Management School. He has been with Sanford Contractors since 1994.

WhisnantRichard Whisnant
Professor, Public Law and Government
UNC School of Government

Richard Whisnant joined the Institute of Government in 1998. Prior to that, he was general counsel with the NC Department of Environment, Health & Natural Resources. He had previously practiced environmental law with Robinson, Bradshaw & Hinson, in Charlotte, North Carolina, and was a clerk for the Hon. Sam J. Ervin III on the US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. Whisnant earned a BA from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and an MPP and JD from Harvard University.

WoodiePatrick Woodie
Vice President of Rural Development Programs
North Carolina Rural Development Center, Inc.

Patrick Woodie joined the Rural Center staff in October of 2006 as the Vice President of Rural Development Programs for the North Carolina Rural Center. At the Rural Center, Patrick oversees capacity-building programs in the areas of Physical Infrastructure, Business Development, Workforce Development, and Civic & Social Infrastructure. Patrick is a native of Alleghany County, located in northwestern North Carolina, and a graduate of Wake Forest University and Wake Forest School of Law. Prior to his work at the Rural Center, Patrick was Executive Director of New River Community Partners and the Blue Ridge Business Development Center in Sparta, NC, both non-profits engaged in community and economic development. Patrick help found New River Community Partners when the New River was designated one of fourteen American Heritage Rivers by President Clinton in 1998. NRCP assisted New River communities in leveraging more than $40 million in federal, state, and local government funding, as well as private foundation funding, to implement community-initiated projects.  Patrick served one term as Alleghany County Commissioner and is a former Executive Director of the Alleghany County Chamber of Commerce.  He was a founding member of the Blue Ridge National Heritage Area; and in 2005, he received the Rural Center’s annual award for "Outstanding Rural Leadership."


Carolinas AGC
Carolinas AGC is the largest construction trade association in the Carolinas and the nation's largest chapter of Associated General Contractors of America--since 1920. Their 3,100 member firms perform or support all types of commercial and industrial construction including general contractors, subcontractors & specialty contractors; materials and equipment suppliers; and service providers. Carolinas AGC's mission is to help build members' business by helping contractors grow revenues; helping contractors manage their workforce; and helping contractors prosper in today's legal/ regulatory environment.

Clean Water for North Carolina CWFNC
Since 1984 Clean Water for North Carolina (CWFNC, formerly the Clean Water Fund of North Carolina) has worked for clean, safe communities and workplaces with hundreds of communities and thousands of North Carolinians. CWFNC is a private non-profit membership organization serving residents across the state of North Carolina. We have a very active and diverse board and staff, dozens of volunteers and hundreds of members who work hard to make North Carolina a better place.

Clean Water Management Trust Fund
Created in 1996, the Clean Water Management Trust Fund makes grants to local governments, state agencies and conservation non-profits to help finance projects that specifically address water pollution problems.

Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources Division of Water Resources
The Division administers programs for river basin management, water supply assistance, water conservation, and water resources development. The Division conducts special studies on instream flow needs and serves as the State liaison with federal agencies on major water resources related projects. The Division also administers two environmental education outreach programs, Stream Watch and Project WET.DWR has recently restructured its organization, elevating the Ground Water Branch to the Ground Water Management Section. The Water Allocation Section has been renamed the River Basin Management Section, to reflect the focus of this workgroup.

Draft 2008 Water Allocation Study Report (.pdf)
(North Carolina General Assembly’s Environmental Review Commission)

The Water Allocation Study team recommends that the General Assembly take the following measures in 2009 in order to put North Carolina in a more secure position with respect to its water supply.

Liquid Assets: The Story of Our Water Infrastructure
Liquid Assets, a ninety-minute PBS documentary, tells the story of essential infrastructure systems: water, wastewater, and stormwater. These systems--some in the ground for more than 100 years--provide a critical public health function and are essential for economic development and growth. Largely out of sight and out of mind, these aging systems have not been maintained, and some estimates suggest this is the single largest public works endeavor in our nation’s history.

North Carolina Construction Grants and Loans Section
The Construction Grants & Loans Section is a non-regulatory section in the Division of Water Quality that administers several funding programs for publicly owned wastewater treatment facilities. Additionally the section issues all Authorizations to Construct for the division and administers the Tax Certification process.  

North Carolina Division of Environmental Health, Public Water Supply Section
It is the responsibility of the Public Water Supply Section to regulate public water systems within the state under the statutory authority of G.S. 130A Article 10. Public water systems are those which provide piped drinking water to at least 15 connections or 25 or more people 60 or more days per year.

North Carolina League of Municipalities
The North Carolina League of Municipalities is a nonpartisan association of municipalities in North Carolina. The mission of the League is to enhance the quality of life in municipalities through excellent municipal governance.

North Carolina Rural Communities Project (NCRCP)
NCRCAP is a nonprofit organization working across North Carolina since 1987. NCRCAP partners with rural areas to build community capacity to address public health, environmental quality, and community development issues pertaining to water, wastewater, and affordable housing needs.

North Carolina Rural Economic Development Center
The Rural Center is North Carolina's leading resource for rural people and communities. We invite you to learn more about our organization and the people associated with it. The Rural Center is home to Water 2030--a statewide water resources initiative launched in March 2004 to ensure that North Carolinians in every part of the state have access to ample supplies of clean water. The initiative produced extensive information on the state's public infrastructure and long-term water supply and engaged leaders and citizens in discussions about North Carolina's water future. The Rural Center continues to advocate state action in response to these findings.

North Carolina Utility Contractors Association (NCUCA)
The North Carolina Utility Contractors Association (NCUCA) is a non-profit trade association affiliated with the National Utility Contractors Association. NCUCA members are engaged in the construction and/or rehabilitation of utility systems including storm sewers, sanitary sewers and drainage, water lines, cables, ducts, conduits, gas lines, tunneling, boring and trenchless construction, treatment systems, pump stations and other utility construction. Our mission is to promote the underground utility industry by providing safety training, continuing education, and through an active government relations/legislative advocacy program.

North Carolina Water Infrastructure Funders Forum
The EFC provides analytical and organizational support to a group of NC funding agencies that meet regularly to exchange information and ideas concerning infrastructure funding in North Carolina. Forum members include the major water and wastewater infrastructure funding agencies in North Carolina. Members meet several times a year to coordinate infrastructure funding efforts, discussing the availability of funds as well as the status of funding applications and awards for specific projects and communities across the State. In addition, the Forum has begun to hold regional Funding Fairs with the intent to enhance interaction with the local government and community leadership on deciding where and how to apply. The objective of the Forum is to maximize the efficient allocation of limited public funding for water and wastewater infrastructure in North Carolina.

State Water Infrastructure Commission (SWIC)
The State Water Infrastructure Commission (SWIC) was created by act of the North Carolina General Assembly in 2005 (NCGS 159G-65). The purpose of the SWIC is to identify the State’s water infrastructure needs, develop a plan to meet those needs, and monitor implementation of the plan. The Commission is comprised of 13 members representing State agencies and non-profits, organizations representing North Carolina local governments and members of the water infrastructure and water resources professions.

SWIC 2008 Annual Report on Water Efficiency
Since first convening in 2005, the members of the State Water Infrastructure Commission have been firmly committed to enhancing the environmental sustainability of our State. As charged by the North Carolina General Assembly, the group has put forward recommendations each year which we believe will encourage stronger State and local commitment to our water future.

The Dig: Blueprint America's Blog
Blueprint America is a precedent-setting multi-platform initiative--developed and produced by Thirteen/WNET, and funded by the Rockefeller Foundation--that harnesses the power of public broadcasting’s most prestigious programs, primetime documentaries, community and educational outreach, and the web to shine an unyielding spotlight on one of the most critical issues facing our country, yet one that has been under-reported by the traditional news media: America’s decaying and neglected infrastructure.

UNC School of Government “Water Wiki”
How should water be managed in the southeastern United States? This wiki is devoted to discussion and debate of the many facts, issues, opinions and points of view this question raises. Through this website, you can add your thoughts by registering (it's simple) and writing or editing articles, or by commenting on any of the discussion pages.