Program Details
Air Time: 
09/03/2015 - 4:30pm - 4:59pm
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PSIP Description: 
Turkish officials are struggling to look after Syrian refugees. A rare bird is researched in Benin.
Long Description: 
Syrian: Fight for a New Existence - The United Nations has described it as a movement of refugees in a dimension that has never before been seen. Over the past three years of the Syrian civil war, Turkey has accepted more refugees than all of Europe put together. According to the UN, there are 130,000 refugees just on the Turkish-Syrian border, compared with 124,000 Syrian refugees throughout all of Europe. A total of some 1.6 million Syrians are in Turkey, and many have ended up in Istanbul - searching for work and a roof over their heads. But Turkish officials are struggling to look after the Syrians: there's not enough work or shelter. Human trafficking is an additional problem. Benin: On the Trail of a Rare Bird - Researchers estimate that there are between eight and 30 million animal species that have not yet been discovered. But many are already endangered, like the Anambra waxbill, an African bird about 12 centimeters long that belongs to the family of estrildid finches. A team of researchers from France has traveled to the western African country of Benin to find out more about these birds. At the heart of one of the largest wetlands in southern Benin, a team of ornithologists is gathering data about this rare bird species. They had previously only seen the species in Nigeria, where it has almost completely disappeared due to increasing pollution and deforestation. Myanmar: The Business of Opium - Although opium production is banned in Myanmar, farming of opium poppies has been increasing in recent years- According to the UNODC, the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, it went up by 13 percent in 2013 alone, making Myanmar the second-largest producer of opium after Afghanistan. Ninety percent of the opium poppies are grown in Shan State, in the eastern part of the country, which is in the Golden Triangle on the borders with Laos and Thailand. Some 200,000 households live off of income from opium poppies. Growing mangos or avocados is no longer profitable, because transport costs have become too expensive. Cuba: Living Room - Although it's recently become easier for ordinary Cubans to travel abroad legally, most simply can not afford to do so. 82 year-old Gabriel Calaforra is an exception. He spent his career globe-trotting, having served as a diplomat for the Cuban government as well as for the United Nations. He's lived and loved on every continent on the globe, and he speaks several languages - an international Cuban.